Terpene Chart: Learn More About Terpenes Here
Terpenes are a naturally occurring compound found in many plants, including cannabis. These compounds are responsible for the flavors and fragrances found in plants. In this article, we will learn more about terpenes, their properties, benefits, and extraction methods.
What are Terpenes?
Terpenes are a group of volatile compounds found in various plants and fruits. They are responsible for the fragrance and flavor of the plant. Terpenes are produced by the same glands that produce cannabinoids like THC and CBD. Terpenes are found in many plants, including cannabis, which produces over 150 different terpenes.
Why are Terpenes Important?
Terpenes are an essential part of the cannabis plant, and their unique properties have a significant impact on the overall experience of the user. When paired with the right cannabinoids, terpenes can produce a synergistic effect known as the ‘entourage effect.’ This helps to improve the overall experience by enhancing the positive effects of cannabinoids.
Terpenes offer an array of benefits, including improved mood, pain relief, and relaxation. Different terpenes have different properties, which can be customized to fit an individual’s needs. For example, limonene and pinene are known for their energizing effects, while myrcene and linalool are known for their calming effects.
Terpene Chart: A Helpful Guide
Terpene charts are a helpful guide to understanding the individual properties of each terpene. They typically focus on the terpenes most commonly found in cannabis, such as myrcene, limonene, pinene, linalool, caryophyllene, and humulene. Terpene charts come in many shapes and sizes, but a popular one is the wheel chart.
To look up information about a terpene on the chart, start at the edge and work your way in towards the center. Terpenes are differentiated from one another by color, with each terpene having its own colored slice of the pie, or wheel. In each slice, you will find information on the aroma, benefits, and boiling point of each terpene.
How are Terpenes Made?
There are three major categories of terpenes: synthetic, botanical, and cannabis-derived. Synthetically derived terpenes are created by blending and manipulating chemicals to create innovative smell and taste combinations that are not found in terpenes from any organic source. These terpenes are used widely across multiple industries, though they are not common in the cannabis industry, as they tend to produce a ‘one-dimensional’ or ‘artificial’ smell that is not very comparable to the natural terpene profiles found cannabis.
Botanically derived terpenes are extracted exclusively from plants. This categorization includes cannabis-derived terpenes as well. However, typically, the term ‘botanically derived’ is used to describe plant-derived terpenes from a non-cannabis source, such as cloves, citrus, lavender, or pine. These terpenes aim to replicate the naturally occurring mixture of chemicals found in cannabis but can sometimes have a ‘sweet’ or ‘candy-like’ aroma.
Cannabis-derived terpenes are extracted exclusively from cannabis. This encompasses THC dominant, CBD dominant (including hemp), and other types of cannabis. Because these terpenes are extracted directly from cannabis plants, they have a much more ‘natural’ or ‘realistic’ fragrance that is similar to what you would experience with cannabis products that have left their terpenes intact.
Besides the starting material, there is also the method of extraction to consider. The two most popular terpene extraction methods today are steam distillation and CO2 extraction. These methods can be used with any organic material, including cannabis flavors and aromas of different strains.
Are terpenes safe to consume?
Terpenes are generally considered safe for consumption, and are widely used in many industries. However, it’s important to note that some terpenes may cause allergic reactions or irritate the skin and eyes in some individuals, especially if used in high concentrations. It’s always a good idea to consult with a healthcare provider before using terpenes or any other cannabis products, especially if you have any pre-existing medical conditions.
Terpenes are fascinating compounds that offer a wide range of benefits and effects. They are responsible for many of the flavors and fragrances found in plants, including cannabis. When combined with cannabinoids, terpenes can produce a synergistic effect that can improve upon the overall experience. With over 150 terpenes found in cannabis, it can be overwhelming to choose which ones to use. Terpene charts are a helpful tool that can guide you in selecting the right terpenes for your desired effect.
Whether you prefer sativa or indica effects, or are seeking specific therapeutic benefits, there is likely a terpene that can meet your needs. When choosing terpenes, it’s important to consider the starting material and extraction method, as these can have a significant impact on the final product. By understanding the properties and benefits of terpenes, you can make informed choices and enjoy a more customized and enjoyable cannabis experience.
In conclusion, if you want to learn more about terpenes, their benefits, effects, and how to choose the right ones, you’ve come to the right place. Whether you’re a seasoned cannabis user or just getting started, terpenes are an important component of the overall cannabis experience. With the help of terpene charts, you can easily navigate the many options available and find the perfect terpenes for your desired effect.