What is CBC, Exactly?
CBC, short for Cannabichromene, is a major phytocannabinoid found in cannabis and hemp plants. It was first discovered in the mid-1960s by Professor Raphael Mechoulam, who is known as the “Father of Cannabis.” While CBC is not as well-known as THC or CBD, it has been studied for its unique properties and potential benefits.
How CBC is Produced in Cannabis and Hemp Plants
Like THC and CBD, CBC is created in the cannabis plant in a similar way. It starts with the mother cannabinoid CBGA (Cannabigerolic Acid). The plant produces an enzyme called CBCA synthase, which converts CBGA into CBCA. Then, when CBCA is heated (decarboxylated), it becomes active CBC.
How CBC Differs from THC and CBD
Unlike THC and CBD, CBC does not produce a psychoactive effect. It has weak activity at our CB2 receptors, which can aid in fighting inflammation and calming gastrointestinal issues, but it does not bind effectively with our CB1 receptors. Instead, CBC acts on our TRPV1 and TRPA1 receptors, which are responsible for noticing temperature changes, pain signaling, and other functions. CBC also helps slow the breakdown of cannabinoids by these TRPV/TRPA receptors, which can prolong or enhance the effects of other cannabinoids like THC.
The Benefits of CBC
CBC has been studied for its potential anti-depressant, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory properties. It has also been researched for its antibacterial and anti-fungal properties, outperforming phenylbutazone in one test and showing mild anti-fungal properties when tested against yeast-like fungus and other types of fungi.
How to Use CBC
CBC can be used in a variety of ways, such as edibles, vapes, and topicals. It usually comes in a golden liquid distillate form and can be used in smaller amounts compared to other cannabinoids like THC or CBD. CBC can also work as a solvent for other cannabinoids, helping to mix thicker cannabinoids like Delta 8 distillate or CBN isolate, thinning blends down to a more workable consistency.
CBC and the Entourage Effect
The Entourage Effect is the idea that phytocannabinoids and other compounds work together to create a stronger and more complex experience when consuming full-spectrum products. CBC’s ability to work synergistically with other cannabinoids like THC and CBD, as well as its direct effects on our TRP ion channels, make it a significant contributor to the Entourage Effect.
While CBC may not be as well-known as THC or CBD, it has shown potential for its unique properties and benefits. As research continues, we may discover more about the ways in which CBC can be used to enhance the effects of other cannabinoids and provide new options for those seeking relief from various conditions.